Scientific Fire Analysis, LLC
88005 Overseas Highway, #10-134
Islamorada, FL 33036
(770) 815-6392 firstname.lastname@example.org
He can investigate fire or explosion scenes, locate the point of origin, and chemically determine the presence of flammable liquids or explosives. He can evaluate the validity of the work of other investigators through review of reports, testimony, photographs and other data. .He is familiar with fire and building codes and can determine whether a structure, product, service or installation met applicable code requirements prior to a fire or other loss. He is capable of performing all types of chemical and instrumental analyses, and giving expert testimony as to the results of his investigations and analyses.
Scientific Fire Analysis Responsibilities
President and Principal Investigator. Conducts preliminary evaluations of customer problems. Conducts, supervises or reviews investigations in the area of fire, arson, explosion, and asphyxiation, including review of chemical analysis issues. Prepares and presents expert testimony. Provides litigation support. Provides training to fire investigators, fire litigators and the public.
B.A. in the Natural Sciences (Chemistry, Biology, Physics), New College, Sarasota, FL, June 1973.
Postgraduate courses in Chemistry and Criminal Investigation, University of Akron, OH, 1973-74.
Twenty credit hours Graduate Level Chemistry, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, 1979-80.
Short Course in Instrumental Analysis, F.B.I. Academy, Quantico, VA, 1976.
Seminar on Arson and Fraud Investigation, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1979.
Seminar on Gas Fires and Explosions, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1980.
33rd, 35th, 37th, 39th, 40th, 42nd and 59th International Association of Arson Investigators Seminars, 1982-91.
Southeast Arson Seminar, University of Georgia, 1979-84, 1996, 2002.
1st, 2nd and 3rd Int’l Symposia on Recent Advances in Arson Analysis and Detection, 1982, 88, 90.
American Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS), Annual Meetings, 1988-2013.
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Life Safety Code Seminar, Nashville, TN, 1991.
IAAI Electrical Fire Investigation Seminar, Atlanta, GA 1991.
AAFS Workshop on Contemporary Issues of Fire Investigation and Analysis (Panelist) Seattle, WA, 1995.
FBI International Symposium on the Forensic Aspects of Arson Investigations, Fairfax, VA, 1995.
Georgia Fire Investigators Association (GFIA) Seminar on Appliance Fires, Decatur, GA, 1997.
Workshop on Fire Investigations, Forensic Science Society, Harrogate, England, 1997.
Anglo-American Fire Investigation Conference, Brunel University, Uxbridge, England, 1997.
Forensic Fire Engineering and Failure Analysis, Society of Fire Protection Engineers (SFPE), 1998.
International Fire Investigation Conference, Brunel University, Uxbridge, England, 1999.
Fire Litigation Seminar, National Association of Fire Investigators (NAFI)/NFPA, Sarasota, FL, 2000.
Lightning 101, Global Atmospherics, Inc., Atlanta, GA, 2000.
Technical Working Group on Fire and Explosion Investigations, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Annual Symposia,
Orlando, FL, 2002-2004.
Fire Dynamics Seminar, NFPA Technical Committee on Fire Investigations, Baltimore, MD, 2003.
First International Symposium on Fire Investigation, Fire Service College, Moreton, England, 2004.
10th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference (Interflam), Edinburgh, Scotland, 2004.
Introduction to Fire Dynamics Simulator and Smokeview, SFPE, Chicago, IL, 2004.
International Fire Investigation Conference, Brunel University, Uxbridge, England, 2005.
The Scientific Method for Fire and Explosion Investigations, CFI Trainer.net, 2006.
Second International Symposium on Fire Investigation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati OH, 2006.
Third International Symposium on Fire Investigation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati OH, 2008.
Introduction to Fire Dynamics and Modeling, CFI Trainer.net, 2008.
A Ventilation-Focused Approach to the Impact of Building Structures and Systems on Fire
Development, CFI Trainer.net, 2009.
Post Flashover Fires, CFI Trainer.net, 2009.
Motive, Means and Opportunity: Determining Responsibility in an Arson Case, CFI Trainer.net, 2010.
Fourth International Symposium on Fire Investigation, University of Maryland, Columbia, MD, 2010.
International Association of Arson Investigators Annual Training Conference, Las Vegas, NV, 2011.
Evidence Examination: What Happens at the Lab?, CFI Trainer.net, 2011.
Understanding Fire Through the Candle Experiments, CFI Trainer.net, 2011.
Fifth International Symposium on Fire Investigation, University of Maryland, Columbia, MD, 2012.
The Practical Application of the Relationship Between NFPA 1033 and NFPA 921, CFI Trainer.net, 2013.
He holds certifications from both the International Association of Arson Investigators (IAAI) and the National Association of Fire Investigators (NAFI). He is also a certified Diplomate of the American Board of Criminalistics, with a specialty in Fire Debris Analysis.
He holds Florida private investigator’s license number C 2600083. Florida has reciprocal license agreements with the following states: CA, GA, LA, NC, OK, TN, VA.
Applied Technical Services, Inc. 1978-2006
Manager, Fire Investigations. Authored over 3,000 technical reports. Supervised two fire investigators and an electrical engineer. Served as project manager for major fire investigations. Conducted site inspections, chemical analyses, designed and conducted physical experiments to re-create fire scenarios. Provided training, consulting and expert witness testimony.
Metallurgical Engineers of Atlanta May-December, 1977
Fire scene inspection. Chemical analysis of fire debris. Quantitative chemical and physical analysis on all types of metal. Radiographic inspection of fittings and welds.
State of Georgia Crime Laboratory August 1974 - May 1977
Qualitative and quantitative analysis of all types of physical evidence associated with violent and/or property crimes, and testifying to the results of such analyses. Responding statewide to conduct field investigations for law enforcement agencies. Instruction of law enforcement officers in the collection and preservation of physical evidence.
Since 1975, he has given expert testimony in over two hundred cases in civil and criminal court in several states and in the Federal Courts. He has testified for both Plaintiffs and Defendants, and has twice served as a neutral expert hired to advise the court. A schedule of testimony provided since 2000, both in trial and in depositions, is available upon request.
Vice Chair, ASTM Committee E30 on Forensic Sciences, elected 1995, re-elected 1997 and 2005.
Chair, ASTM Committee E30 on Forensic Sciences, elected 1999, re-elected 2001 and 2003.
Chair, ASTM Subcommittee E 30.01 on Criminalistics, 1991-1995.
Director, American Board of Criminalistics (ABC), elected 1993, re-elected 1996.
Chair, ABC Proficiency Administration Committee, 1993-1999.
Fellow of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS) 1995-present. (Member since 1988)
Member, AAFS President’s Panel on Scientific Integrity, 2009.
AAFS Criminalistics Section: Chair, Nominating Committee, 1999-2007, Co-chair Program
Committee 2012, Chair, Program Committee 2013, Section Secretary, 2014.
Member, Editorial Board, Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2003-present.
Peer Reviewer, Forensic Science International, 2006-present.
Member, National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Technical Committee 921 on Fire
Investigations, 1996-present. (Representing ASTM Committee E30 on Forensic Sciences)
Member, NFPA Technical Committee 1033 on Fire Investigator Professional Qualifications, 2012-present.
Member, Scientific Working Group on Fire and Explosion Investigations (SWGFEX), 1997-present.
Planning Panel Member, U. S. Dept. of Justice, NIJ Technical Working Group on Fire
Peer Reviewer, U. S. Dept. of Justice, NIJ-Office of Science & Technology, 2002, 2007-present.
Member of the National Association of Fire Investigators (NAFI), 1996-present.
Member of the International Association of Arson Investigators (IAAI), 1978-2001, 2008-present.
Member of the Florida Chapter of the IAAI, 2008-present.
Chair, IAAI Forensic Science Committee, 1988-1991.
Member of the Metro Atlanta Fire Investigators Association, 1978-2007. President, 1981.
Member of the American Chemical Society, 1978-present.
Scientific Protocols for Fire Investigation, First Edition, 2006,
Second Edition, 2012, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL
Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences, 2nd Edition contributor of three entries (“Evidence Collection at Fire Scenes;” “ Fire Scene Inspection Methodology;” “Fire Patterns and Their Interpretation”)
edited by Jay Siegel, Pekka Saukko and Max Houck, Academic Press (Elsevier), London, 2013.
“Fire Scene Investigation and Laboratory Analysis of Fire Debris,” Chapter 3.5 in Forensic Science,
Current Issues, Future Directions, edited by Douglas Ubelaker, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
“Analysis of Fire Debris,” Chapter 3 in Forensic Chemistry Handbook, edited by Lawrence Kobilinsky
John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
“Fires, Arsons and Explosions,” Chapter 39 in Modern Scientific Evidence: The Law and Science
of Expert Testimony, edited by Faigman, Kaye, Saks and Sanders, (2011 Editor: Erin Murphy) West Publishing Co., St. Paul, MN, 1997, (Previous revisions: 2001, 2007.)
“Basic Fire Science,” Chapter 3 and “Fire Patterns,” Chapter 4 in Fire Investigator Principles and Practice
to NFPA 921 and 1033. 3rd Edition. IAFC, IAAI, NFPA and Jones and Bartlett, publishers, 2011. (both
chapters co-authored with Jeff Spaulding.)
Wiley Encyclopedia of Forensic Science, contributor of five entries (“Arson Investigation: Misconceptions and Mythology;” “ Fire: Chemistry of;” “Fire: Dynamics and Pattern Production;” “Fire: Scene Investigation;” “Fire Debris: Laboratory Analysis of”) and section editor for Fire and Explosives entries, edited by Allan Jamieson and Andre Moenssens, Wiley & Sons, West Sussex, UK, 2009.
“Forensic Arson Investigation,” McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology, 2003.
NFPA 921, Guide for Fire and Explosion Investigations, NFPA, Quincy, MA, Contributor to the
1995, 1998, 2001, 2004, 2008, 2011 and 2014 editions as principal committee member.
Fire and Arson Scene Evidence: A Guide for Public Safety Personnel, National Institute of Justice
Office of Justice Programs, USDOJ Publication Number NCJ 181584, Contributor to the document as a member of the Editorial Board.
“Standard Practice for Investigating Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Incidents,” ASTM E2292-03,
Principal Author as Task Group Coordinator.
“Standard Test Method for Flammable or Combustible Liquid Residues in Extracts from Samples
of Fire Debris by Gas Chromatography,” ASTM E 1387-90. Principal Author as Task Group Coordinator.
“Guidelines for Laboratories Performing Chemical and Instrumental Analysis of Fire Debris
Samples,” Principal author as Co-Chair of IAAI Forensic Science Committee, June 1988.
“Forensic Science Standards: Where They Come From and How They Are Used, ” Forensic Science
Policy and Management: An International Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1, February 2009.
“Persistence of Floor Coating Solvents,” J. Forensic Sciences, Vol. 46, No. 6, November 2001.
“The Petroleum-Laced Background,”(co-authored with Julia Dolan and Cheryl Cherry),
J. Forensic Sciences, Vol. 45, No. 5, September 2000.
“A Calculated Arson,” The Fire and Arson Investigator, Vol. 49, No. 3, April 1999.
“Comparison of the Eluting Efficiency of Carbon Disulfide with Diethyl Ether: The Case for
Laboratory Safety,” (co-authored with Dr. Andrew T. Armstrong), J. Forensic Sciences, Vol. 42,
No. 2, March 1997.
“An Improved Method of Obtaining Ion Profiles From Ignitable Liquid Residue Samples,”
FBI International Symposium on the Forensic Aspects of Arson Investigations, Fairfax, VA,
August 1, 1995.
“ASTM Standards for Forensic Sciences, ” J. Forensic Sciences, Vol. 40, No. 1, January 1995.
“Behavior of Glass at Elevated Temperature,” J. Forensic Sciences, Vol. 37, No. 5, September 1992.
“Baseline Characteristics of Residential Structures Which Have Burned to Completion: The
Oakland Experience,” (co-authored with David M. Smith, C.F.I. and Dr. Richard W. Henderson,
C.F.I.), Fire Technology, Vol. 28, No. 3, August 1992.
“Totality Of The Evidence” Or Contextual Bias: Where Do You Draw The Line? Proceedings of the 5th
Int’l Symposium on Fire Investigations Science and Technology (ISFI), NAFI, Sarasota, FL, 2012.
“The Evolution of Fire Investigation and Its Impact on Arson Cases,” Criminal Justice, American
Bar Association, Vol. 27, No. 1, Spring 2012.
“Ignitable Liquid Residue Source Elimination by Molecular Weight Estimation,” Proceedings of
the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, AAFS, Colorado Springs, CO, 2012.
“Arson probes: Instinct giving way to modern science,” Journal of Insurance Fraud in America,
Vol. 2, No. 1, Coalition Against Insurance Fraud, Washington, DC, 2011.
“‘Progress’ in Fire Investigation: Moving from Witchcraft and Folklore to the Misuse of Models and
the Abuse of Science,” Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Fire Investigations
Science and Technology (ISFI), NAFI, Sarasota, FL, 2010.
“Toward a More Scientific Determination: Minimizing Expectation Bias in Fire Investigations,”
Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Fire Investigations Science and Technology
(ISFI), NAFI, Sarasota, FL, 2008.
“The Standard of Care in Fire Investigation,” Canadian Association of Fire Investigators Journal,
“Report on the Peer Review of the Expert Testimony in the Cases of State of Texas v. Cameron Todd
Willingham and State of Texas v. Ernest Ray Willis,” (Co-authored with Douglas J. Carpenter, Daniel L. Churchward, David M. Smith and Michael A. McKenzie), Available at www.innocenceproject.org.
“The Mythology of Arson Investigation,” Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Fire
Investigations Science and Technology (ISFI), NAFI, Sarasota, FL, 2006.
“What You Don’t Know Can Hurt You: How Do You Know Your Lab Has It Right?” The Fire
and Arson Investigator, Vol. 53, No. 3, April, 2003.
“Unconventional Wisdom: The Lessons of Oakland,” The Fire and Arson Investigator, Vol. 43,
No. 4, June 1993.
“The Lime Street Fire: Another Perspective,” The Fire and Arson Investigator, Vol. 43, No. 1,
“Melted Steel: How Important?” (co-authored with J. Finis McCarver, P.E.), The National Fire
and Arson Report, Vol. 10, No. 4, August 1992.
“The Behavior of Flammable and Combustible Liquids,” (co-authored with Laurel V. Waters),
The Fire and Arson Investigator, Vol. 42, No. 1, September 1991.
“Appliance Fires: Determining Responsibility,” (co-authored with R.I. Underwood, P.E.), The
National Fire and Arson Report, Vol. 7, No. 2, April 1989.
Selected Presentations (1996-Present)
“Scientific Protocols for Fire Investigation,” Fairfax County Fire Department, October 22-24, 2013,
“Professional Qualifications for Fire Investigators, NFPA 1033,” Georgia Fire Investigators Association,
August 8, 2013, St. Simon’s Island, GA. Repeated in Pigeon Forge, TN on August 12.
“Surviving a Qualifications Challenge,” National Association of Fire Investigators, August 6, 2013,
“The Evolution of Fire Investigation and the Souliotes Case,” National Association of Criminal Defense
Attorneys / CA Association for Criminal Justice, April 6, 2013, Las Vegas, NV.
“The Questionable Validity of Fire Origin Determination,” Stetson University College of Law,
March 12, 2013, Gulfport, FL.
“Scientific Protocols for Fire Investigation,” Oregon Chapter IAAI, January 29-February 1, 2013,
Grants Pass, OR.
“Totality Of The Evidence” Or Contextual Bias: Where Do You Draw The Line? 5th International
Symposium on Fire Investigations Science and Technology (ISFI), October 15, 2012, Columbia, MD
“Successful Challenges to BS (Bad Science) in Bogus Arson Cases,” New York State Bar Association,
Forensics and the Law, October 12, 2012, New York, NY
“Challenges to Accurate Fire Cause Determinations,” Forensics: Science Policies to Increase Confidence,
briefing for congressional staffers sponsored by ACS, September 26, 2012, Washington, DC
“Fire and Innocence: Using Good Science to Overcome Witchcraft,” American Chemical Society,
Division of Chemistry and the Law, August 20, 2012, Philadelphia, PA
“Arson Investigation and Litigation,” 2012 Innocence Network Conference, UMKC School of Law,
March 31, 2012 Kansas City, MO.
“Progress in the Investigation of Fire Scene Evidence,” New Mexico State Bar CLE, March 30, 2012
“Ignitable Liquid Residue Source Elimination by Molecular Weight Estimation,” American Academy
of Forensic Sciences (AAFS) Criminalistics Section, February 24, 2012, Atlanta, GA.
“Scientific Protocols for Fire Investigation,” Arizona Chapter IAAI, July 13-15, 2011, Prescott, AZ.
“Fire and Science,” “The Mythology of Arson Investigation,” “Sources of Error in Fire Investigation,”
Pennsylvania Association of Arson Investigators, June 6 and 7, 2011, State College, PA.
“The Questionable Validity of Fire Origin Determination,” ABA Criminal Justice Section, 2nd Annual
Prescription for Criminal Justice Forensics, Fordham University School of Law June 3, 2011,
New York, NY.
“‘Progress’ In Fire Investigation: Moving from Witchcraft and Folklore to the Misuse of Models and
the Abuse of Science,” 4th International Symposium on Fire Investigations Science and Technology,
(ISFI) September 28, 2010, Columbia, MD.
“Rising From the Ashes – What We Have Learned From the Cameron Todd Willingham Case,”
National Institute of Justice (NIJ) Annual Conference, June 16, 2010, Arlington, VA.
“Fire Investigation Reviews: How It Looks From The ‘Other’ Side” 61st Annual Training Course,
International Association of Arson Investigators, May 18, 2010, Orlando, FL.
“Post conviction Strategies in Arson Cases,” NACDL’s Litigating Non-DNA Post-Conviction Innocence
Cases Training Program, April 15, 2010, Atlanta, GA.
“Avoiding Wrongful Convictions: Proving the Corpus Delicti,” AAFS Jurisprudence Section,
February 26, 2010, Seattle, WA.
“Meeting the Challenge of the NRC Report: Producing Meaningful Mandatory Standards for Forensic
Science,” AAFS, Criminalistics Section, February 24, 2010, Seattle, WA.
“Minimizing Expectation Bias in Fire Investigations,” Workshop # 18, AAFS, February 23, 2010,
“It’s All About the Science: Defense of a Large Fire Loss,” Property Loss Research Bureau 2009 Large
Loss Conference, November 3, 2009, Tampa FL.
“Myths and Misconceptions of Fire Investigation,” “Fire Investigation in the 21st Century,” 64th Annual
Florida Arson Symposium, October 19, 2009, Orlando, FL.
“Forensics Under Fire-Case in Point,” TCCA Actual Innocence Conference, Center for American and
“Forensic Science in the 21st Century: The National Academy of Sciences Report and Beyond,”
Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law at the University of Arizona, April 4, 2009, Tempe, AZ.
“The State of the Art in Fire Investigation,” Inaugural Lecture Series, Centre for Forensic Science and
Medicine, University of Toronto Medical School, February 27, 2009, Toronto, Ontario.
“Watching Paint Dry, Testing Spontaneous Ignition Hypotheses, ” AAFS Criminalistics Section
February 20, 2009, Denver, CO.
“Origin: A Fire Investigator’s Most Important Hypothesis,” Canadian National Advanced Fire, Arson
and Explosion Investigation Training Program, October 28, 2008, Toronto, Ontario.
“Evaluating Arson Cases: Avoiding Wrongful Prosecutions and Convictions,” 63rd Annual Short Course
for Prosecuting Attorneys, Northwestern University School of Law, July 22, 2008, Chicago, IL.
“Toward a More Scientific Determination: Minimizing Expectation Bias in Fire Investigations,” 3rd
ISFI, May 20, 2008, Cincinnati, OH.
“Sources of Error in Fire Investigation,” AAFS Criminalistics Section, February 21, 2008, Washington, DC.
“Evaluating Arson Cases: Avoiding Wrongful Prosecutions and Convictions,”62nd Annual Short Course
for Prosecuting Attorneys, Northwestern University School of Law, July 24, 2007, Chicago, IL.
“The State of the Art in Fire Investigation,” National Academy of Sciences, Committee on Identifying
the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community, April 23, 2007, Washington, D.C.
Selected Presentations (continued)
“The Mythology of Arson Investigation,” 2nd ISFI, June 27, 2006, Cincinnati, OH.
“Sources of Error in Fire Investigation,” Canadian National Advanced Fire, Arson And Explosion
Investigation Training Program, October 25, 2005, Toronto, Ontario.
Illinois Supreme Court Committee on Capital Cases, May 13, 2005, Chicago, IL.
“Laboratory Analysis of Fire Debris: Why It’s Important, How It Works, and How to Evaluate a Lab,”
Insurance Committee for Arson Control, 15th National Training Seminar, February 3, 2004, Sandestin, FL.
“Measurement, Certification, Accreditation,” 30th Annual FBI Symposium on Crime Laboratory Development, Sponsored by the FBI Laboratory. September 25, 2002, St. Louis, MO.
“Understanding the Opposing Expert,” Southeastern Arson Seminar, Sponsored by the Georgia State Fire Marshal and the Georgia Fire Investigators Association. August 8, 2001, Brunswick, GA.
“Consensus Standards: A Priority for Forensic Science,” Crime Laboratory Improvement Program (CLIP) Summit, Sponsored by the U. S. Justice Department. July 14, 2000, Washington, DC.
“The Role of Experts in Fire Litigation,” Anglo-American Fire Investigation Conference, Gardiner Associates, Brunel University, June 30, 1999, Uxbridge, England.
“Accreditation, Certification and Standardization in the Forensic Sciences,” AAFS Interdisciplinary Session, February 18, 1999, Orlando, FL.
“A Calculated Arson,” Anglo-American Fire Investigation Conference, Gardiner Associates, Brunel University, June 15, 1997, Uxbridge, England.
“Misleading Evidence or Misreading Evidence?” Joint Meeting of the Forensic Science Society and the California Association of Criminalists, June 11, 1997, Harrogate, England.
“Forensic Science Standards: How to Write Them,” AAFS, February 22, 1997, New York, NY.
“Differentiation of Asphalt and Smoke Condensates from Liquid Petroleum Products Using
GC-MS,”AAFS Criminalistics Section, February 22, 1996, Nashville, TN.
“Incendiary, The Willingham Case,” a 2011 documentary produced by Steve Mims and Joe Bailey, Jr.
Available from iTunes.
“Death by Fire,” a Frontline documentary about the Willingham case. First aired October 19, 2010.
Produced by Jessie Deeter. Available at pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline
“Burned,” an ABC News 20/20 episode about wrongful arson prosecutions. Produced by Tom Berman.
Season 30, Episode 18. First aired May 7, 2010. Available at abc.go.com
“When Forensics Fail,” a National Geographic documentary about the Willis case. First aired October
18, 2007. Available at video.msnbc.msn.com
American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Criminalistics Section Special Meritorious
Service Award, 2008.
Boy Scouts of America Silver Beaver Award, Atlanta Area Council, 2004.
ASTM Award of Merit, 2001.
ASTM E30 Forensic Sciences Award, 1996.